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September 17, 2021

Italy has become the first European country to make a Covid certificate mandatory for all workers, as countries start to take stronger measures in an effort to boost inoculation rates. From mid-October, any Italian worker that fails to present a valid certificate will face suspension and could have their pay stopped after five days, the government said on Thursday.

The document, which can be digital or paper, outlines whether a person has been vaccinated, recovered recently from the virus, or tested negative for Covid. It was originally created at the EU level to support intra-European travel, but Italy was among the first countries to also use it as a requirement to enter venues such as museums and gyms. According to data from the European Centre for Disease and Control, 73.8% of Italians are fully vaccinated against the virus. However, authorities want to avoid another surge in cases as the winter approaches.

“We are extending the obligation of the green pass to the entire world of work, public and private, and we are doing so for two essential reasons: to make these places safer and to make our vaccination campaign even stronger,” Roberto Speranza, Italy’s health minister, told journalists on Thursday.

There have been a number of protests in Italy this summer against the use of the green pass. However, political parties and trade unions have so far supported the decision to avoid further lockdowns, which have hit many sectors hard. The announcement in Italy followed a decision in France to suspended around 3,000 health workers for being unvaccinated against Covid-19.

French authorities estimated last week that about 12% of hospital staff and 6% of doctors in private practices were unvaccinated against the coronavirus. Earlier this summer, the government made vaccination mandatory for workers in the health sector by Sept. 15.

The country’s Health Minister Olivier Veran said the suspensions were temporary and that continued healthcare was assured, during a radio interview Thursday. He told RTL that “responsibly caregivers were vaccinated to protect themselves and their patients.”

Other European countries have taken a similar approach: Greece has also made vaccination compulsory for nursing home staff and healthcare workers and Italy has said that health workers who are unvaccinated could be suspended without pay. In France, 80.7% of the population is fully vaccinated against coronavirus. The average across the EU stands at 71.5%.

Analyst View

Italy has now blazed the trail in mandating the Covid passport to be compulsory for all employees in the country. This gives no more opportunity to a segment of the population that is not yet convinced with the viability of the Covid-19 vaccines. This may become a herd effect within the Eurozone as other countries may adopt the same approach. However, the side effect of the vaccines is yet to be fathomed.