US FED : First Interest Rate Hike Approved In 3 Years To Curtail Soaring Inflation
March 17, 2022
January 10, 2022
Persistently high inflation combined with a labor market near full employment will push the Federal Reserve to raise interest rates more than expected this year, according to the latest forecast from Goldman Sachs.
The Wall Street firm’s chief economist Jan Hatzius said in a note Sunday that he now figures the Fed to enact four quarter-percentage-point rate hikes in 2022, representing an even more aggressive path than the Fed’s indications of just a month ago. The Fed’s benchmark overnight borrowing rate is currently anchored in a range between 0%-0.25%, most recently around 0.08%.
Goldman had previously forecast three hikes, in line with the level Fed officials had penciled in following their December meeting.
The firm’s outlook for a more hawkish Fed comes just a few days ahead of key inflation readings this week that are expected to show prices rising at their fastest pace in nearly 40 years. If the Dow Jones estimate of 7.1% year-over-year consumer price index growth is correct, that would be the sharpest gain since June 1982. That figure is due out on Wednesday.
At the same time, Hatzius and other economists do not expect the Fed to be deterred by declining job growth. The Fed will have to raise rates which will increase volatility in markets, says Solus Asset’s Dan Greenhaus
Hatzius thinks those converging factors will cause the Fed not only to raise rates a full percentage point, or 100 basis points, this year but also to start shrinking the size of its $8.8 trillion balance sheet. He pointed specifically to a statement last week from San Francisco Fed President Mary Daly, who said she could see the Fed starting to shed some assets after the first or second hike.
“We are therefore pulling forward our runoff forecast from December to July, with risks tilted to the even earlier side,” Hatzius wrote. “With inflation probably still far above target at that point, we no longer think that the start to runoff will substitute for a quarterly rate hike.”
Up until a few months ago, the Fed had been buying $120 billion a month in Treasurys and mortgage-backed securities. As of January, those purchases are being sliced in half and are likely to be phased out completely in March.
The asset purchases helped hold interest rates low and kept financial markets running smoothly, underpinning a nearly 27% gain in the S&P 500 for 2021.
The Fed most likely will allow a passive runoff of the balance sheet, by allowing some of the proceeds from its maturing bonds to roll off each month while reinvesting the rest. The process has been nicknamed “quantitative tightening,” or the opposite of the quantitative easing used to describe the massive balance sheet expansion of the past two years.
Goldman’s forecast is in line with market pricing, which sees a nearly 80% chance of the first pandemic-era rate hike coming in March and close to a 50-50 probability of a fourth increase by December, according to the CME’s FedWatch Tool. Traders in the fed funds futures market even see a non-negligible 22.7% probability of a fifth hike this year.
Still, markets only see the funds' rate rising to 2.04% by the end of 2026, below the 2.5% top reached in the last tightening cycle that ended in 2018.
Markets have reacted to the prospects of a tighter Fed, with government bond yields surging higher. The benchmark 10-year Treasury note most recently yielded around 1.77%, nearly 30 basis points higher than a month ago.
March 17, 2022
March 15, 2022
MSBM - UK
The Professional Certificate in Effective Report Writing Skills aims to enable the learner to critically analyze and develop skills for effective writing.
3 hours per week
The course aims to equip the learner with an understanding of human resource management activities as a function.
3 hours per week