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October 25, 2021

The fourth industrial revolution has ushered in Africa’s first Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC), the eNaira, set to be launched by Nigeria. The eNaira is posed to benefit the everyday Nigerians and the country at large. Hence, it would be prudent to understand why individuals should jump on the eNaira bandwagon.

Assuming there are no last-minute incidents, Nigerians would be able to download the eNaira wallet and use the digital currency for the first time today.



Backstory
Before we get too excited, we should remember that the CBN’s Director of Communication, Mr. Osita Nwanisobi announced a postponement of the launch of Nigeria’s digital currency, the eNaira, previously scheduled to hold on October 1, 2021. However, it was uncovered that the unanticipated surge in visits on the website of the Central Bank’s eNaira initiative led to the sudden postponement of the launch.

Also, while the eNaira was facing heated litigation over its trademark infringement on the name “eNaira,” a Federal High Court in Abuja gave the nod for the CBN to roll out the digital currency.
Despite the delay in the launch of the much-anticipated eNaira, it appears that banks have started to onboard the e-Naira feature on their applications, hence, individuals should be able to covert their Naira to eNaira with their bank application.



Why you should use the eNaira
The CBN stated earlier that the eNaira is meant to create a secure and cost-effective process for remittance inflow to the country, amongst other benefits. When compared to FIAT, the eNaira has a lower cost. The account holder is not charged for daily transfers between accounts. The fact that traders will not be charged fees for withdrawals and deposits to and from their bank account is a huge incentive. Transaction fees are eliminated, lowering the cost of doing business while increasing security.

The apex bank also stated that eNaira’s usability would improve as Nigerians without internet-enabled phones would be able to transact without having to subscribe to data or having an internet-enabled phone.
The CBN has also said that the eNaira can serve as a medium for the government to send direct payments to citizens eligible for specific welfare programs. 



What you should know about the eNaira
  • The eNaira shall be administered by the CBN through the Digital Currency Management System (DCMS) to mint and issue eNaira.
  • Financial institutions shall maintain a treasury eNaira wallet for holding and managing eNaira on the DCMS.
  • The Financial institutions (FI) Suite is the primary application used by the FIs to manage their digital currency holdings, requests, and redemption with the CBN.
  • The eNaira stock wallet belongs solely to the CBN and it shall warehouse all minted eNaira.
  • Two-factor authentication and other measures shall be adopted to ensure the security of the eNaira wallet.
  • The charges for eNaira transactions shall be in line with the Guide to Charges by Banks, Other Financial, and Non-bank Financial Institutions.
  • Financial Institutions are required to comply with the Money Laundering (Prohibition) Act 2011 (as amended), the Terrorism (Prevention) Act 2011 (as amended), and all subsisting anti-money laundering laws and regulations as may be issued by the CBN from time to time.
  • The eNaira is equitant to the physical Naira, it is the official tender of Nigeria and is a liability of the CBN. The eNaira and Naira will always be exchanged 1:1, meaning it would only appreciate when the Naira is stronger.
  • Consumer Complaints concerning the usage of the eNaira shall be referred to the Helpdesk of users’ preferred FI Helpdesk. If unresolved by the FI Helpdesk, it shall be escalated to the eNaira Helpdesk via 0800myeNaira (0800 6936 2472) or [email protected]












SOURCE: NAIRAMETRICS
IMAGE SOURCE: PIXABAY